Introduction of Dragon Fruit:
This fruit is famous in Thailand, Vietnam, Israel and Sri Lanka. In India, commercial cultivation of this fruit is picking up and market price of this fruit in India is 200 to 250 Rs / kg. This fruit cultivation is excellent in regions where less rainfall is expected. This fruit plant is treated as an ornamental plant as well as fruit producing plant. Dragon fruit is consumed as a fresh fruit
or can be used in jams, ice creams, jelly production, fruit juice and wine. This fruit also used in face packs.
Health Benefits of Dragon Fruit
- This fruit helps in controlling diabetes.
- This fruit helps in lowering cholesterol.
- This fruit is high in fats and proteins.
- This fruit is a good source of antioxidants.
- This fruit helps in preventing arthritis.
- This fruit helps in improving heart health.
- This fruit helps in weight management.
- This fruit helps in fighting against ageing.
- This fruit helps in preventing asthma.
- This fruit helps is high in vitamins & minerals.
Major Types of Dragon Fruit
There are 3 types dragon fruit based on their colour.
- Red colour fruit with white colour flesh.
- Red colour fruit with red colour flesh.
- Yellow colour fruit with white colour flesh.
Dragon Fruit Cultivation
This fruit plant survives in poor soil conditions and temperature variations. However, tropical climatic region are best for its cultivation. This plant requires minimum annual rainfall of 50 cm and temperature about 20 °C to 30 °C. Too much of sunlight is not good for its cultivation, in high sunlight areas, shading can be provided for better yield.
This fruit can be grown on wide range of soils from sandy loam to clay loam. However, sandy soils with good organic matter and internal drainage are best for its cultivation. Soil pH of 5.5 to 7 is best for Dragon fruit cultivation.
Land should be ploughed till soil achieves the fine tilth and weed free. As part of land/field preparation apply any organic compost in proportionate ratio.
The most common propagation method in dragon fruit Cultivation is by cuttings. However it can also be propagated by seeds. But as seeds take longer time and will not continue with mother plant characteristics, this method is not suitable for commercial cultivation. You should get the plant cuttings from the quality mother plants. An about 20 cm length cuttings should be used for planting in the field. Pile up these cutting two days before the potting.
Then these cuttings should be potted with planting mixture of Dry cow dung: Top soil: Sand as 1:1:2. Make sure these pots are placed in shade before planting. Keep the Plant-to-Plant space of 2 meter x 2 meter. Dig the pits size of 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm. These pits should be filled with top soil and compost with 100 grams of super phosphate.
An about 1700 plants can be accommodated in 1 acre of land.